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Eddie Kramer, 1973
Eddie Kramer, 1985
Eddie Kramer, 2001
Eddie Kramer, 2006

Engineer (Led Zeppelin II, Led Zeppelin III, Houses Of The Holy, Physical Graffiti, The Song Remains The Same, Coda)

South African-born Kramer moved to London aged 19 where he began to encounter Jimmy Page and John Paul Jones regularly during their session days. He became quite close with John Paul, who first told him about Led Zeppelin when Kramer visited him at home in 1968. "The tape he played me just sat me on my ass" he said.

Kramer first saw Zeppelin playing at the Fillmore East, and subsequently Jimmy invited him to work with him on Led Zeppelin II. The band had recorded various songs on 8 track in different places around the world and Jimmy told him some of them were really horrendous sound-wise and needed re-mixing. Kramer did the job over one weekend in New York.

He and Jimmy had a "mutual admiration" following Kramer's work with Hendrix and worked closely together. He said that during "Whole Lotta Love" "....where everything is panning and going bananas, it's a combination of Jimmy and myself just flying around on a small console twiddling every knob known to man."

"There are lots of mistakes on Led Zeppelin II, especially on many of the guitar parts, but no-one really cared that much about fixing them. Jimmy is known more for his audacity than for his accuracy. He is a stylist in the true sense of the word. Jimmy would rather go for overall feel than for the finesse of the total accuracy of the solo."

"You have to remember, rock 'n' roll should not be perfect by any means: it's not concieved that way. Mistakes make rock very human. Jimmy and myself are very similar in that we're both much more in favour of feel than perfection. I don't think perfection and feel go hand in glove. Led Zeppelin was and probably still is to this day a law unto themselves. One must always remember that."

"In spite of his often sloppy playing, Jimmy was an excellent producer, and we complemented each-other in terms of producer to engineer. He was very demanding in the studio - which was great, because I'm very demanding too. Jimmy is a very driven person, and he was always very picky and self-critical. He demanded as much out of himself as he did out of everyone else."

Kramer and the band "fell out" for a while after a row in Electric Lady Land studios over a Zeppelin roadie's dumping of food on the floor during the recording of the third album, according to Kramer, but he was back on board for Houses of The Holy, Physical Graffiti, The Song Remains The Same, and of course is credited on Coda.

Eddie Kramer spent the 1980 and 1990s producing everyone and everything from Anthrax and Ace Frehley to Peter Frampton, Buddy Guy, John McLaughlin, Carl Perkins, Brian May and Lez Zeppelin in 2007.

In 2002, Kramer established Kramer Archives, a company for distributing the photos he took during his years as a producer and engineer. He is also compiling a book entitled From the Other Side of the Glass, which chronologues his photographs and memories of working in the business.

Thanks to Knebby

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This Month in
Led Zeppelin History

February 07, 1962 - Deborah Bonham, sister to John, was born in Redditch, Worcestershire, England
February 23, 1966 - Warren Grant, son of Peter, was born.
February xx, 1969 - Led Zeppelin enters the Billboard Top 40
February 16, 1969 - Led Zeppelin wrap up their first American tour in Baltimore, MD.
February 07, 1970 - Edinburgh gig cancelled after Plant receives facial injuries in a car accident
February 28, 1970 - The band performs as "The Nobs" in Copenhagen after threat of legal action from Countess Von Zeppelin
February xx, 1971 - John Paul Jones involved in legal issues regarding a musician who shares the same name
February xx, 1971 - Overdubs for the fourth album are recorded at Island Studios
February 14, 1972 - The band is refused admission into Singapore due to their long hair
February 16, 1972 - The Australian tour begins in Perth
February 21, 1972 - Led Zeppelin: Rock and Roll b/w Four Sticks (Atlantic 45-2865) 45 single is released in the US.
February xx, 1973 - The band makes final preparations for the European tour
February 16, 1973 - The release date for Houses Of The Holy is pushed back due to some sleeve problems
February xx, 1974 - Sessions for Physical Graffiti continue
February 14, 1974 - Page, Plant and Bonham attend a Roy Harper concert
February 04, 1975 - Zeppelin perform a last minute show at Nassau Coliseum to accomodate fans after being banned in Boston
February 24, 1975 - Physical Graffiti finally issued worldwide to phenomenal sales
February xx, 1976 - Media reports that Zeppelin are due to release an album entitled Obelisk
February xx, 1977 - Robert contracts a bout of tonsillitis postponing the American tour
February xx, 1978 - Robert Plant helps produce a record for punk band Dansette Damage
February 16, 1978 - The cases against Bonham, Cole & Grant stemming from the Oakland incident are heard and all receive suspended prison sentences and fines
February xx, 1979 - Although absent from the US stage or market, Led Zeppelin rank best in many music magazine categories
February xx, 1979 - Mixing sessions for In Through The Out Door take place at Polar Studios. Rumors fly of a European tour
February 03, 1980 - Robert joins Dave Edmund’s Rockpile at the Birmingham Top Rank
February 13, 2005 - Led Zeppelin receives a Grammy for Lifetime Achievment.
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